Moynul Bhuiyan, Brahmanbaria Correspondent: The revised creative question paper at the secondary level was developed by the best teacher of Brahmanbaria district Mosa: Roksana Yasmin, a housewife of Devgram Khan family of Akhaura upazila of Brahmanbaria district. She is the senior teacher of biology department of Kasba Government Girls High School and daughter of freedom fighter Siddiqur Rahman of Hirapur village. This renowned teacher Mosa Roksana Yasmin has brought a lot of fame to the Devgram Khan family by being selected as the best teacher at the district level this year. Her father’s house is in Hirapur village of Akhaura East area and her husband’s house is in Devgram of Akhaura municipality. In light of the decision of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the National Education Policy 2010 to advance the education system of Bangladesh in line with the rest of the world, creative questioning method was introduced in secondary level student assessment. By modernizing the teaching method, it is necessary to make the students science-minded and invigorate them in the spirit of the liberation war as skilled manpower. In the light of the National Education Policy 2010, the Secondary Education Sector Investment Program (CESIP) is carrying out various reforms and developmental works to improve the quality of the secondary education sector. Among these activities, the reform of public examination by introducing creative question papers and conducting training programs for teachers of class 9 and 10 in this regard are particularly noteworthy.
In the first SSC exam in 2010, Bengali first paper and creative question method exam was taken on religious education. Then in 2011, SSC exam was taken in creative question system on geography, business introduction, general science, chemistry and social science in various branches of general education stream (humanities, commerce and science) including Bengali first paper and religion subjects. In the academic year 2009, the creative question system was introduced in the sixth, seventh and eighth classes in the general education stream. In Madrasa education stream, in the year 2011, at the Dakhil level, creative question method exam was conducted on the history of Bengal and Islam. From the year 2012, the SSC exam was held in the creative question system along with the said subjects and additional eleven subjects. Cesip is constantly providing training to teachers on how to prepare and evaluate question papers at SSC level in a creative manner. The format of creative question papers has been slightly modified. For this purpose, since 2017, subject-based teacher training is being arranged for all the teachers of all Bangladesh regarding formulation, refinement and evaluation of modified creative question papers. Currently, the topics covered in the modified creative question paper are:
# In case of creative questions: 1* Creating stimuli in the light of three learning outcomes. 2* Knowledge and comprehension questions are not given in stimulating light. 3* Eliciting “what” to “who” in cognitive questions (the answer should be directly in the book). 4* In the question of comprehension, write “What does it mean” and explain it? 5* Formulate comprehension questions in the light of knowledge characteristics. 6* Comprehension questions should not be given directly from the book (using synonyms in this case). 7* Application questions from a learning outcome of the stimulus. 8* Questioning higher skill than the remaining two learning outcomes of the stimulus. 9* Care should be taken not to overlap the application and height skills questions. 10* Creating creative questions based on American educational psychologist Benjamin Bloom’s domains (Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Synthesis). 11* The stimulus will be unique, it will not be directly in the textbook. 12* Uddeep should avoid unnecessary words/sentences. 13* Uddeep will not have direct answers to the questions, but will help the student in answering them. 14* Stimuli should be constructed in such a way that students can answer questions ‘a’ and ‘b’ but not questions ‘c’ and ‘d’ without the stimulus. 15* The different parts of creative questions (parts ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, and ‘d’) should be formulated in such a way that the answers to different parts do not repeat themselves. 16* Stimulus must be original, interesting and concise. 17* The stimulus must be framed in the light of any content of the curriculum/syllabus/textbook.
# For multiple choice questions: 1* Questions cannot be asked to know trivial matters. 2* Uddeep shall not have any reply or indication of reply. 3* Each multiple-choice question must have three distractors that students are likely to select. Each alternative answer should have a probability of at least 5% of the students selecting it. 4* No question shall be formulated which may create adverse or negative impression in any section of the society or population. 5* The order of correct answers in the answer set of each section of the multiple choice question paper should be done in such a way as to reduce the chance of guessing the correct answer. 6* A multiple choice question will have only one correct answer. 7* Multiple choice questions will be self-explanatory. 8* There must be three types of multiple choice questions (ordinary multiple choice questions, polynomial ending index multiple choice questions and uniform data based multiple choice questions). 9* Any number or information used in answering a question that is variable cannot be questioned for information. 10* Multiple choice questions must include questions on different levels of thinking skills. 11* Each question must be relevant to test content and skills in the light of curriculum guidelines. 12* According to the current curriculum, out of 30 multiple-choice questions from sixth to tenth standard, 12 questions must be on knowledge, 9 on comprehension, 6 on application and 3 on higher skill level (70% of knowledge and comprehension level and 30% of application higher skill level in the multiple choice question paper) (must include questions). 13* Language of multiple choice questions will be interesting, simple and relevant. 14* Answers to multiple-choice questions should be listed in numerical order i.e. from smallest to largest or from largest to smallest. 15* Comprehension multiple choice questions should be made up of incomplete sentences. 16*Mutually Exclusive/Mutually Inclusive multiple choice should be avoided. 17* Sentences such as ‘all of the above are correct’ or ‘none of the above are correct’ should be avoided. 18* Multiple choice questions should be of equal length. 19* Multiple choice stimulus should be as clear as possible. If the use of unintelligible words is unavoidable, it should be brought to the attention of the examinees. 20* Stimuli should include required words so that no word is repeated in the alternative answer set. 21* The stimulus will not have any cues so that the student can select the correct answer and easily eliminate the wrong answer. 22* Alternative answer sets should be consistent with the stimuli in terms of content and grammatical structure. 23* Multiple-choice questions based on uniform information must provide stimuli and stimuli must have three learning outcomes. Application questions will be on one learning outcome and higher proficiency questions will be on two learning outcomes.
Formulation of question papers, revision and evaluation of answer papers is very important in creative questioning method. Teachers need training to master these subjects in internal and public examinations. The Secondary Education Sector Investment Program (SESIP) has adopted a 6-day training system for teachers of various subjects at the district level by formulating master trainers in various subjects through 12-day training. Currently, this training program is being conducted across the country. During the corona period, the training program was closed for some time. Currently back on. The last training was conducted in Brahmanbaria district from 24th May 2022 to 30th May 2022. The Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh has introduced this creative method of secondary and higher education. Along with that, an inquiring attitude has been created among the students. This is a timely step of the present government of Bangladesh. Her husband journalist, surveyor Amin and document writer Sajal Ahmed Khan said, My wife Moosa Roxana Yasmin passed all the exams from S.Sc. to Masters with 1st class. She has earned a lot of reputation for our Khan family by being selected as the best teacher at the district level. On behalf of the Khan family, I extend my best wishes and congratulations to him and wish him well always. Journalist Badal Ahmed Khan, General Secretary of Kasba-Akhaura Television Journalist Club, said, “My elder sister Mosa Roksana Yasmin has been selected as Master Trainer (Science) on creative question paper preparation, revision and answer paper evaluation and has increased the familiarity of our Khan family.” I wish and congratulate him.